Not just this, software development project life cycle assist in prioritizing the business’s resources while ensuring efficient use. The benefits of project life cycle do not end here, it sets the scope, schedule & budget accordingly from start to finish.

Besides, if we talk about outsiders, they might think project management is unimportant & easy. To them it may look like, talking to clients, scheduling meetings, assigning tasks & letting team members know the deadline. But in reality, it is different. Someone who has managed the IT-related projected will let you know that it is much more than that. As time is passing companies are realizing the importance of project management or project life cycle. Before initiating, companies now make some important decisions related to it.

Moreover, information technology project life cycle helps in managing the efforts of the entire team involved in the project. Apart from this, IT project outlines the technical work hence, for such tasks understanding & designing the project life cycle is important.

IT project management life cycle have five phases, let’s dig into it...

Phase 1: Identification

Identification is regarded as the first phase of the software development project life cycle. Here you include & realize all the activities related to the development of business case & proposal of project. Furthermore, the identification phase is also triggered when an individual, team, or department identifies that a project is worthy & has multiple opportunities for overall growth.

During the first phase, the companies or individuals send sponsors a business case or proposal to persuade them. Such documents include complete information of the project, timeframe, costs & major risks associated with it. After receiving the business case, sponsors evaluate the project & decides whether it should be undertaken or not. In simpler terms, here the project manager or company assess the business need & look for an ideal solution. After the project receives formal sponsorship, the second phase of the project life cycle starts.

Phase 2: Initiation

It is the second stage/ phase of the project life cycle. Here the companies or the project manager list down all the deliverables & resources which are required to complete the project once the business case is approved. In addition to this, in the first phase, the project is fully defined so that in the second stage it can be planned realistically & practically. After this, the potential sponsor assigns the project manager. The project manager is responsible to describe the scope of the project & prepare charters accordingly.

Besides, in the initiation phase, the project manager identifies the stakeholders to be involved, defines the timeframe of the project & also provides the rationale. Not just this, the project manager clearly defines the core project deliverables, all the associated risks & assumptions of the project. Moreover, this phase concludes after the sponsor gives approval to the project manager for the planning phase.

Phase 3: Planning

In phase 3 of the project life cycle, the project manager plans accordingly considering all the information gathered in the second phase. Traditionally it is considered as the most important phase of the project life cycle. However, the project managers often overlook or oversee the planning phase, which makes their project planning weak. They sometimes jump directly to the delivery phase without even realizing what they are missing. In addition, a well-developed plan ensures that the team involved will complete the IT-related project successfully, as it is planned. In the planning phase, the manager makes schedule & list down all the resources to complete the project, including a budget, performance measures, clear actions, communication & risks. Ultimately, this phase concludes when the sponsor approves the plan.

Phase 4: Delivery

In the delivery phase, two sub-phases occur simultaneously. This phase starts when the deliverables of the project are completed & the progress is reported to the sponsor. It includes execution, monitoring & control. In execution, with the approved plan, the software development project moves to delivery process phase of the project lifecycle. Here the team completes the task identified in the previous 3 phases & develops project deliverables. The execution stages complete when the project is accepted by the sponsor.

If we talk about delivery-monitor & control, it is the second portion of the delivery phase. It involves the activities which help in tracking the progress of the work. In simple terms, here the team keep the schedule, plan, project progress & issues up to date. Also, there are no templates or deliverables associated with it. But the sponsor or the stakeholder may request to provide project status & reports briefing completely about the task.

Phase 5: Closeout

Closeout is the final phase & in this phase, the team must ensure to complete all the activities to officially complete the project. Besides, after getting acceptance for the delivered work, the team or project manager documents all the learned lessons & archives documentation to use in the future. Hereafter, the project manager transfers the deliverables to the support or operation unit/ staff to maintain it as an operational activity.


Why software development project life cycle is important?

It helps in managing the project effectively & efficiently. Not just this, it makes the process easier for everyone involved in the project. Also, when you take the project step by step there are very few chances of error. Moreover, with the help of the project life cycle, you know exactly what your next move is. You can also identify, where you are going wrong and can rectify your strategy accordingly. It enhances your chances of getting the desired result.

What are the main reasons that software development project crashes?

There are multiple reasons for which the project crashes but the most common ones include:

  • Unforeseen delays: Postponement in the work due to technical glitches, the unskilled force of workers or lack of resources.
  • Early completion incentives: Sometimes, project managers set monetary rewards for completing the project before time. This triggers the employees to get the work done before time without even considering the quality of work.
  • Imposed deadlines: When you put a lot of pressure on employees to complete the project on time, this pressure building mechanism affects the overall productivity.

How can we control a software development project?

There are many ways in which a manager can control a project, but the most convenient technique is to hold a meeting:

  • Review & reassign the responsibilities & roles of the team involved in the project.
  • Continuously provide direction for execution & keep an eye on it.
  • Keep a check on the status of the project.
  • Guide the team.

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